ERIE, P.A (WICU-WSEE/CW) – A packed crowd filled into the Hammermill Center for Kearns Goodwin’s speech, which was a part of the Jefferson Educational Society's Global Summit X.

Kearns Goodwin discussed the responses of Presidents Abraham Lincoln, Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt, and Lyndon B. Johnson.

All four men were the subject of her recent book “Presidential Leadership in Turbulent Times”

She says while there is no easy way to define their brand of leadership, the four men exhibited similar traits

"They all seemed to have developed humility, which means the ability to acknowledge errors and learn from your mistakes. They had empathy, which means an understanding of other people's point of view.  They had resilience, they all went through really tough times, and through loss, came out stronger." 

This is the last week for the Global Summit as it wraps up on Friday, a full list of speakers can be found here.